Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Entropy and evolution

Sometimes I find that entropy and evolution are the visible realities of the world. The more we read about it and try to implement it in our life the more predictable things become. When I say to implement it I mean to implement the principles of evolution and entropy. This basically means by looking at the fossils we can predict what changes we can expect in the future or by measuring how fast the entropy of a system is increasing we can expect the failure of the system.

But the question remains how to implement it in our life or how far is it true. Well, regarding the reliability of entropy and evolution I can vouch that these are scientific laws and are valid in any universe.  It is all about improving the efficiency of the system. It is because of this efficiency we have redundant organs in our body such as appendicitis. In the same way we try to reduce heat loss in various thermodynamic systems.

An organization is too like an organism the only difference with biological evolution is that here organizations doesn’t take millions of years to evolve. An organization which response to outside environment stubbornly tends to remain laggard while those tends to flow with the change remains successful. But the question now comes how to know that the change is in the air and even if one knows then how to implement it. Well, I believe the flow of information in an organization is what genes to an organism; the greatest anti-body for flow of information is bureaucracy or our desi babugiri. This curtailed flow of information creates a false ‘feel good factor’. Arun Shourie once said that by becoming minister politicians tends to think that traffic problem is solved! Even in industry when the top officials don’t interact with the ground workers they tend to enjoy the illusion and there are very rare officers who blatantly say that the emperor is naked(it’s a story about an emperor , you can read it here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Emperor%27s_New_Clothes) In such condition it is only the honest officers who suffer. To run a company successfully it is very much required to interact with the lowest staff to know the ground reality.  I can sum-up the whole paragraph in this hindi doha  “निंदक नियरे राखिए, ऑंगन कुटी छवाय, बिन पानी, साबुन बिना, निर्मल करे सुभाय।‘’

 


In the book ‘how Toyota became world number 1’ the author has mentioned a very unique and remarkable characteristic of one of its CEO that the CEO changed the location of his cabin in such a way that he has to pass through the assembly line to reach his cabin. This helped in creating a positive environment for the workers. The CEO used to have his lunch with people in the normal canteen and frequently interacted with them.  Similarly, one can find that the governments usually frame policy without having much interaction with ground workers. We usually hear that the government has spent so and so amount but we hardly here about the ground reality of the amount spent; let me give you a better example, we hear that the government has released tender for so and so road project. In reality most of the projects gets delayed due to various bureaucratic issues such as land acquisition or improper compensation.  These perpetual delays are hardly highlighted by the media, they go more by the headline statement that is how much tender the government has awarded.

I believe capitalist society with democracy and maximum individual freedom represents that thermodynamic system which has least entropy. Well, the term maximum individual freedom is indeed debatable but at least one can strive for it. No matter what system you try to build it will try to move towards the system mentioned in first sentence. USSR and East Germany are some of the example which has finally accepted the reality and has more or less aligned with capitalist society. Sooner or later China too will have to realign itself. China is part communist though it has opened up its market it is yet to accept democracy. Democracy with capitalism weeds out the inefficient from the system. The more we compromise with the ‘maximum individual freedom’ the more we breed inefficiency. Take for example congress party was a different party during PVN Rao’s time. The contempt for democracy and sycophancy has reduced it to a very inefficient political party. This democracy and maximum individual freedom applies to even the corporate world. A company that is not open to suggestion from its employees will eventually leady to shoddy product resulting in the downfall of the company. Again the catch is the ‘maximum individual freedom’, the way the definition changes for a company will eventually determine its success.

So far we are done with evolution and entropy; the combined effect of two produces foresightedness. There are ‘critical junctures’ in everybody’s life, corporation and even nations. In 1947, two countries got independent and both countries had the same military training yet one became democratic while the other still lags behind with frequent military rule(sometimes even militant rule!). We are like this not because Nehru was very good (he may or may not be I am not going in that debate) or other PMs were super awesome rather because of institution guaranteed by our constitution. Similarly, after separation of church and state UK, USA Canada and other protestant society progressed even though Italy , Spain and Portugal took the lead in early 14th 15th century. This foresightedness is actually the summation of many critical junctures that occur in a country or in an organization. Xerox company in spite being first one to develop mouse and word could not took the lead in PC industry. Kotak developed the digital camera yet lost the race! Blackberry, Nokia Sony Walkman and many others are the perfect example for foresightedness.

At last I would like to end with a paradox of my analogy ‘’if entropy becomes zero then the system will stop working’’! Enjoy physics J






Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Status quo challenged

It’s been a very long time since I have written a blog, I usually write when I usually don’t find such views written or appreciated widely. Since my last blog many things has happened from surgical strike to demonetisation to Dhoni’s retirement and so on and so forth. Our country is changing very rapidly; this makes me remember my college days. I joined NIT Surat in 2007. By the time I passed out in 2011 the college was going through a facelift. I was fortunate enough to see the REC era infra as well as the new infra. Perhaps, our generation is lucky enough to have seen the DD1 era as well as the cable TV era. From ‘humara bajaj’ to new age KTM or RE bikes we have seen a lot. We can compare and contrast the change. We have seen how our parents after working for more than a decade or two were in a position to buy their first car, contrast this with our generation capable of buying a car within four to five years. From ‘Rangoli’ (DD National program) to MTV to modern day Youtube we have seen the transition and can feel it.

I have always written how our economic policies pre 1991 were responsible for backwardness. The biggest crime is to keep people poor through the government policies. Communist are hands down champion in it. But things are changing lately. Elitism is falling apart. Inefficiency is now more the status quo. The steady state is disturbed. It is clearly written on the wall that from now small town will give you enough competition. There was a time when more than five players from Indian cricket team used to be from Mumbai, then came a guy from a small town and went to become the captain of Indian cricket team! Narendra Modi was opposed both within the party and of course from ‘lutyens delhi’. He went to win a historical general election. This unprecedented victory put the last nail in the coffin of ‘dynasty politics’ and ‘elite of lutyens delhi’. With no family background of politics and having been worked away from Delhi, Narendra Modi was unfit to become the PM as per the definition of ‘lutyens delhi’.

A rebel against the media was slowly working against the elite of Delhi’s bazaru media. A person from Assam was giving a tough fight to the thick skinned English journalist with high profile connections. Arnab Goswami has changed the face of English media with his new channel. We need not agree with all his views but he has certainly forced other channels to change the narrative make them more aligned with the national interest. With recently released TRP rating his channel was ranked as the most viewed English news channel in India. Arnab Goswami also represents that national news channel is not the sole proprietary of select few from north India rather it can be taken over by anybody from any part of India. The tectonic shift in news base from Delhi to Mumbai has already recorded a heavy earthquake in the field of news media. If he can start reporting from remote parts of India it will be a giant leap forward in re-establishing faith in media.

Bahubali has done a remarkable work for the Indian film industry. It has broken the shackles of giant elephant called the Indian film industry. The elephant has woken up and is now slowly recognizing its potential. We have seen enough craps from Kapoors, Chopras and Johars. It has set a new bar that if your story is good then people will watch it in all languages. Compare the wonderful movie ‘Raanjhnaa’ with ‘Chennai Express’. Dhanus was splendid while SRK reached the nadir with such a rubbish movie. Bahubalí’s success is not mere monetary it represents the dissent against the dynasty culture in each and every sector. It represents the tectonic shift in elitists below average work which was taken for granted for acceptance.  The success of Dangal represents the aspiration of small towns and cities.

Today, Major Gogoi is treated as hero and whole nation stands for his action. Mr Gogoi ,a Son of small farmer from Assam represents all those young people from small cities who want to work hard and aspire to reach at top. People are no longer buying the leftist crap of luteyns Delhi.
The day internet became into being the exclusivity of select few came to be eclipsed. Today I can write what I feel and it can be read by anyone. Imagine few decades back people had to buy the crap of editorials written in newspaper. You and I could not disagree by writing a different opinion in the newspaper. But things have changed now, anyone can pen down their opinion now. Twitter came as a biggest boon for millions of people who disagreed with narrative presented in newspaper or on TV channels. Everyday thousands of people expose the hypocrisy of so called ‘neutral journalists’. No doubt journalists who enjoy an unparalleled freedom of speech want to curb the voices of dissidents on twitter!

Vijay Shekhar Sharma naam to suna hi hoga has changed the way we do transaction with his company, Paytm. Its written on the wall very clearly that dynasty culture and elitist culture of select few will change and it is changing. So enjoy you are living in a very different era!

JAI HIND !

Wednesday, March 9, 2016

Communism and JNU

#ShutDownJNU

I was going to sleep, but… Yeah this ‘but’ factor is very dangerous. The word ‘but’ simply undermines all your previous statements. This single word is capable of ruining all your previous statements or thoughts. Well, I am not a philosopher so it is not my domain to discuss about ‘but’. So where was I? On but!! Yeah, but I opened twitter and read about this chap ‘Kanahiya Kumar’ !
Hum leke rahenge azadi, humein chahiye azadi! Yes I definitely need azadi from these communists, maoists, and terrorists! For the past many days I have been reading and listening a lot about JNU.

Let me start with a disclaimer that my hatred towards this institute dates back to 2010. At that time I read in newspaper that when CRPF jawans were martyred in Chhattisgarh leftist students from JNU celebrated it. At that time other student unions jointly condemned such acts of left student union. While chit chatting with friends I came to know that many of the people are unaware of the dangers of communism. Many people treat Kanahiya Kumar just like any other student. This is the biggest problem. These left students are the highly brain washed people. Even if you don’t find them raising slogans still they tacitly support such discourse.

 First lets take a brief tour of left history. There greatest leaders are Lenin, Stalin, Mao Zedong, Fidel Castro and others.  Lenin started using political murder as a tool to strengthen Bolshevik party’s regime in Russia after the 1917 Russian revolution. He killed lakhs of people who were against his party. Stalin killed more number of peoples than Hitler killed! Stalin’s daughter defected and become a naturalised citizen of US. Stalin successfully and neatly killed millions of people by sending them to Siberia! What is more surprising is that our first PM was very much influenced by USSR! Have you ever thought how come we have so much Russian influence on us? Indira Gandhi was very much influenced by the totalitarian regime of USSR. No wonder she imposed emergency. Yuri Bezmenov was a Russian KGB agent who came to India to establish Brauni oil refinery. He then defected and become a citizen of US. He in an interview has said how they unleashed socialism in India. They use to invite big poets, writers and media tycoons to USSR. There they were brain washed and send back to India. It’s a very good video, link is provided at the end of the blog. If you get time then do watch it.

Mao Zedong unleashed the lefts murderous regime in China. He too started with a revolution in 1949 and took absolute control over China. His policies caused the greatest famine in the history of modern world killing millions of people. His ‘’great leap forward’’ policy people die due to hunger. All this happened in the modern world in 1957! It is widely speculated that it is due to growing dissent against his regime that Mao decided to attack Korea and India. Till that megalomaniac was alive China was in darkness. After his death China unleashed many reforms and today it is leading economy in the world. Links will be provided at the end of the blog.

Cuba is small country near United States. Fidel Castro is the communist dictator of Cuba. He systematically destroyed the sugar industries of Cuba by nationalising it. He nationalised all the farms. As there was little incentive to work hard in farms people stopped working and gradually its sugar industries collapsed. Today it is running under high debt and living with the help of remittances that it receives from millions of people who migrated to US when Fidel took over.

One thing is common among all leftist discourse. They make you feel oppressed by so called the ruling class. The left ideology has failed world over. First the make use of freedom of expression to criticise you and when they attain power they will gag any opposing force. Communist party member can't criticize their government in China! And throughout the world wherever the communists have ruled only one party remains in power and that is theirs! There is no functional democracy in any of the communist ruling countries.

But again you might be thinking why I am writing about rest of the world. India is different! Well communist parties are divided by countries but united by thoughts! During 1962 Indo –Sino war the Communist Party of India (CPI) supported China! This is the same party whose student wing leader is Kanahiya Kumar! The communists have always maintained that India is many countries! They cant digest the present boundaries of India! That is many people who might not know the history of communist party may be surprised by the anti-national slogans and its support from left parties. JNU is the hot bed of communism in India. These slogans are not isolated incidents happening there. Afzal Guru’s death anniversary has been celebrated there as martyrdom since last three years! The highest number of political murders in India has taken place not under BJP or Congress but under left parties in West Bengal in 33years of there brutal rule! Now can you connect the dots? From Mao Zedong to Stalin all used political murders to establish their rule!

The Indian left parties are appeasing left parties. They are not truly atheists. One thing I find good in communism is they don’t allow religious fanatics to grow but they end up projecting themselves as God. None of the left parties in India demand Uniform Civil Code. None of them demands to end up polygamy in India. They don’t have the guts to speak like Richard Dawkins or Christopher Hitchens. They cant call a spade a spade until and unless they are from particular religion. I too believe in atheism but I believe in course correction, in reasoning not in showing contempt towards people’s belief. This is the reason why atheism thrives in non-religious sense only in democratic and economically right countries. In communist countries they supress religion but end up making their leaders as new God. Same thing happened in China under Mao and in USSR under Lenin and Stalin.

The solution for JNU what I believe is to shut it down for a year and flush out those spreading communist agendas. I know it is very extremist step but it has to be done. It is tumour and not a cancer as it is confined only to its campus. In JNU both Profs and students are of the same mind-set. When I say prof and student I mean a considerable number of them. These people have contempt towards the history and culture of India. They are still living in the delusion of oppression. For them Indian Army is worst oppressor. The problem is these people end up writing shitty books and they get political awards like Sahitya Academy and others. These same bunch of idiots go and join NGOs that goes on protest on any developmental project that govt takes up in tribal areas. These same idiots join news channel and some become writers for leading newspaper which is a must read to clear civil services examination! The vicious cycle is so strong that any attempt made to break it will end inviting widespread protests. Just connect the dots with the recent events and you will understand what has happened.

Some students in JNU feel that Afzal Guru was not given fair trial. Well if they want to raise a technical issue why don’t they discuss it in class by asking their profs? Why don’t these idiots ask in their lecture, sir/mam why cant there be plebiscite in XYZ part? These morons simply want to disturb the unity of India. They should not be tolerated. These people feel Yakub Menon was not given fair trial. I don’t find any country in the world where at midnight lawyers knock the door of Judge to stop the execution. These people are so nationalist that for them thousands of people who die in bomb blast are of no use. How many times has JNU protested for those more than 70% people who spend their life in Jail just waiting for their turn to come for trial! Why hasn’t any Kanahiya Kumar or for that matter Arvind Kejriwal protested at Jantar Mantar to bring Judicial reforms. None will do. Kanahiya was asking reservation in private sector! Irony is leading journalist are hailing him as upcoming leader!

Till such parasites exist in India we will never ever fulfil the dream of APJ Abdul Kalam of becoming a first world. Its been more than a decade when I heard about his mission 2020. Such great souls are not part of discourse in JNU. The only difference between those spreading communism and a jihadi is that latter are mostly poor and illiterate. 


NOTE: Go through the links below

http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/during-china-war-comrades-cracked-down-on-vs-for-saying-let-s-give-blood-to-jawans/488983/

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Pitched-battle-over-peoples-war-at-JNU/articleshow/5783093.cms


Tuesday, September 8, 2015

The 'cosmetic growth'

Let me start with a disclaimer, this blog has nothing to do with cosmetic products and yeah its a long post!

Cosmetics help in improving a person’s beauty. It can make you beautiful and more attractive but if you are not confident then, you will not be able to survive your presumed stature. To gain confidence you need to first develop skill in which ever domain you tend to work, be it acting, engineering or even HR. Your outlook/cosmetic make up will only enhance your personality but WILL NOT MAKE YOUR PERSONALITY. Having said that lets move towards ‘growth’. Growth has different connotations, if doctor says about the growth of a child then certainly he means physical growth. The requirement for growth in different age group is not same. A one year old child requires breast feeding while a 12 year old child needs balanced diet. And yeah, this blog is not even about the biological or physical growth of a child. Keep this paragraph in mind while reading on economic growth of India further in this blog.

India is a diverse country and it needs different doses of development in different parts of India. During British era, regions around Kolkatta and Chennai were relatively developed. There were lots of colleges in that region. Similarly, parts of erstwhile western India like Mumbai, Karachi, Sindh, Punjab were good in business. You can feel this even today, if you enquire with your friends then you will find a lot of Bengali friends will say that their grandparents were Indian railways living in different parts of India. Similarly you will find a lot of Tamilians in better positions in different government organisations. You will a large number of Sindhi and Punjabi (specially those who migrated during partition) entrepreneurs. Till 1937 Burma was also part of India and for a long time even after 1947 Kolkatta continued to be the education hub for Burmese. If you travel throughout India you will find how different cities have different biasness towards development ‘x’ may be good in something while ‘y’ may be in other. After independence we saw growth in number cities. But many of them were historically important or had colonial bias. We will come back to discuss about cities latter while discussing smart cities.

Now consider a farmer of 1950s who had a son who studied hard and went to get his engineering degree. He went out of village and ensured a better lifestyle for next generation. Now that person (son) had his friend who in spite of getting an engg degree couldn’t secure job as a result he continued to live in village. Now this is the job scenario of 70s and 80s when there were very few private firms. Job meant only government jobs. So even a group D staff of government office had the opportunity to send his kid to KV and ensure a better education on the other hand a person living in village of India will continue to deprive his kid due to lack of such facilities. Now compare that with todays India, lakhs of people are employed in IT companies which continues to grow without much assistance from Govt on the other hand there are temples of modern India aka PSUs which continues to thrive despite making losses and sucking tax collected (both direct and in direst tax) from the remotest village of hinterland of India. Had there been no economic reform in 1991 India would have been on the brink of civil war. Today the engineers need not live in village and deprive his child from education he can very well move to cities and earn his living. This has increased competition in various sectors. These IT companies created a huge demand in housing, automobile, pharma, insurance, banking and many other sectors. As a result from steel to meal (packaged food) every sector had a growth trajectory.

Finance ministry is too serious ministry to be left to the political populism. In fact if we need to grow at higher rate then, every party should seriously ponder on economic issues with leading economists. Just like a child needs different nutrition at different age group, India too needs different policies after every few years. In India for eg, certain domestic industries are protected from foreign companies, but it is the duty of domestic industry to rise upto the international level or perish. So which ever government will try to tighten the screw our corporate world will protest! This is one of the many cases.

Unfortunately, we are not revising our policies very frequently. When there was IT boom we were so much awed by its success that we forgot to look after the manufacturing sector. We had 7%+ growth but we forgot to do structural changes while enjoying the COSMETIC GROWTH. This cosmetic growth leads to boom in housing sector which lead to boom in steel industry. People started investing in housing sector and this lead to huge speculative market. Even in IT sector we relied more on the low cost service that we provided to our foreign clients due to cheap labour. Subsequently, people started gaining experience and the low cost party was finally losing its lustre. This vacuum was filled by new tech startups which promised better solution. Anyways, the key take away here is COSMETIC GROWTH lead to huge surge in real estate and it is due to this reason that we are having millions of empty apartments in Bangaluru, Delhi NCR and in Mumbai. The whole growth was inflated without producing any actual work.

The government has promised smart cities which is a welcome step. Remember the first para when I said about growth and I explained how since colonial era we had selective growth of few regions. India will continue to have cosmetic growth if we don’t develop eastern UP, Bihar, Odisha and NE (cities Dimapur). Sadly many regions from these areas are neglected in smart cities. Some more cities need to be included in it. These cities should be clubbed under different groups based on population, area and the kind of industries that it can cater. The requirement of Visakhapatnam is not same as that of Patna or Varanasi. Fund should be allocated according to its need not by fancy thinking.

Millions of young people are every year added in the work force. These smart cities will provide job to them, but aren’t we again looking for cosmetic growth? People have already started speculating land values in respective cities and it has already created a buzz in real estate sector. So what is the solution? Solution is to reduce red tapism let the country grow at its real potential, break shackles let people innovate and work easily. In UP if you happen to open a shop then you will have to get it registered in sales tax department, that’s fine. The problem is govt needs three guarantors who are already tax payers! Now even if you have a brilliant idea and say you want to open shop in Varanasi and you are new to that are you wont be able to open it! This is red tapism. If you want to open bank account in PNB you need ‘’introducer’’ i.e. someone who knows you and has bank account in that branch! Yes despite all fancy slogans such things exists. It is still a nightmare to start manufacturing in certain parts of India. If you dare to do so you will be bombarded with so many red tapism that you will prefer to go into the business of buying and selling land! I hope you remember NOIDA’s chief engineer case, if not then google it. Even the industrial land has been used for making money without producing anything. Without dismantling such red tapism you may see growth and may be even awed by it but mind it, these cosmetic growth is not sustainable. Sooner or latter we will face the heat.

By the way, who are the biggest losers in it? Its you and me. We continue to pay high prices for real estate with shabby infrastructure. Rajan sahab said that even a family earning 2 lacs per month cant afford a nice flat in metros. In spite of millions of empty apartments, builders are not willing to sell it at low cost. It’s a vicious cycle. Builders are now sitting at huge debt! Banks NPA is increasing. Mind it, by 2017 for Basel III norms our bank need more than INR 2 lac crore. In spite of this certain PSBs continue to have ‘’introducer’’ column! India can have double digit growth for a least a decade provided we reform our Babus!

Our growth story today is lead by only few metro cities. Imagine with hundreds of cities what miracle we can do!     


Wednesday, May 6, 2015

Look at the Sky!

‘’I am an atheist until the plane begins to fall’’. This is a very famous saying probably by an agnostic who was in search of atheism! In the book ‘Einstein’ by Walter Isaacson (a wonderful biographer if you haven’t read his books then I would strongly recommend to read one) he said that even though Albert was brought up in a very liberal Jew family yet Albert was attracted to religion. He created his own hymns to please God which he used to proudly sing! But you know Albert Einstein is one of the highly misquoted person, all religious people try to paint him as religious which he wasn’t. (FYI: Einstein didn’t fail in maths or science if you hear this quotes just laugh at it. He was a brilliant student) Albert subsequently became irreligious. He enjoyed in unravelling the facts of nature.
Jews are famous worldwide for their trading skills. And a trader always weighs his risks! Einstein used to a joke that his agnostic uncle used to visit synagogue as you never know! Why to take risk!!! :D

Religion is a political tool and let it be there, why do we need to get engrossed by it? Go out and look at the beautiful sky. I feel that we humans are religious probably because we never tend to look up at the beautiful sky in bewilderment and try to understand the pattern. In a way we can say that we are damn lazy so instead of questioning the phenomenon we preferred to create a ‘’God’’ or perhaps ‘’Gods’’ and assumed that everything is taken care by him/her/it. Perhaps this is the easiest thing to do instead of questioning the phenomenon.
The greatest enemy of religion is science and reasoning. After all in religion all you are asked is to follow a pattern without being able to question its very existence. And my dear friend, religious fanatics se dar nahi lagta lakin science ka naam leke religious texts ko justify karne wale se bahut dar lagta hai! These people used to justify all the senseless activities in the name of ‘’science’’ which has no proofs! All they used to do is quote individuals instead of supplementing it with verifiable proofs! Anyway moving on, we again have a major problem in blindly ‘’endorsing’’ things. Like since Saurav dada used to enter the cricket field by first entering left leg so should I too win the gully cricket match!!  I mean learn from dada his prowess in off-side shorts not how he enters! I enjoy A R Rahman’s music irrespective of who he worships or how he worships; I enjoy watching Amir Khan irrespective of why he divorced his first wife! I mean his acting skills have nothing to do with his personal life! SRK may be happily married and I respect it but that doesn’t mean I have to endorse his ‘famous story line, a cult in Indian film making the great Chennai Express’ !! :P

But sadly we have this ‘’endorsement’’ attitude! Bhai Sachin wahan ja ke pooja kiya so should I do it! Just look at the sky, nothing can travel faster than the speed of light even if your God lives in Sun it will take at least 8 min to send his signals! After all I believe that even you have faith in basic science. The beautiful twinkling of stars that u can see now is, may be millions of light years away from us! And even if you believe that your God is up in our atmosphere then my dear friend International Space Station is yet to encounter one! Yet you may argue that your God is probably in some other planet within our solar system then bro NASA’s Voyager mission is again yet to find one! And if he is living in nearby galaxy then you my dear friend you are doomed, even if you pray his signals to help you will probably reach here in millions of years! Moving back to Einstein’s agnostic joke, my dear friend in any case your prayer may reach several minutes to millions of years to reach him/her/it, so why waste time !! So whenever you feel lonely just try to imagine Voyager! 

Richard Dawkins in his book ‘’The God Delusion’’ has presented a situation of World War II when soldiers reached a virgin island they provided the tribals with food and clothes. These tribals treated the white soldiers as God! They thought that these white peopl are God and when they pray God used to do the shipment! Probably we too are the same tribal people with a different definition of God.

Leonard Susskind, Brian Greene, Lawrence Strauss, Michio Kaku, late Richard Feynman are some of the people who are making physics available for common people like us. There are different theories on universe from Standard Model to String theory. Each looks more promising than the other. There may be many universes or multiverses forget about galaxies and imagine the scale on which scientists are thinking! Or we may be living in holographic image! Or may be perhaps even inside a blackhole! I will write on this latter on, I should stop here it been late night and tomorrow I ve to go back for mundane works!

And yeah, be atheist even when plane begins to fall !

P.S. You can read ‘’The elegant Universe’’ by Brian Greene. It’s a good book.


   

Sunday, January 25, 2015

65 Years of Republic!

India is an ancient country, though it became British colony yet Britishers could not use the same yard stick in the sub-continent that they used at their other colonies in Africa. To know the why Europeans created colonies we will need to understand the religious condition during the ‘’dark ages’’ of Europe around 15th century CE. The outcome of dark ages was the beautiful renaissance that formed the base of the modern world. During this era Portuguese, French, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and British fought their battle for colonies in different part of the worlds. Just to put in perspective I will quote some example how India was a different colony.

Take for example when Spanish people in 15th century (not sure about date) conquered Argentina at that time the indigenous Kings of Argentina for the first time saw ‘’Horse’’. In fact the Spanish were more like God to them! Spanish conquered the Latin – America can spread Christianity. Those Kings didn’t have their own script till the late 15th century! Similarly, when British for the first time conquered Zimbabwe and other central African countries in 18th and 19th century till that time African people were unaware of many modern weapons, scripts, wheel etc. Don’t forget that all these conquests were one of the bloodiest conquests in human history. In USA the whole indigenous population was wiped out so was the case in Australia (Google aborigines and Red Indians). So unlike such countries when British came to India they found a civilization which was no less to them.
Irony is modern world learned democracy from Europe yet many of them follow monarchy while its former ‘colonies’ are democratic and republic! UK has monarchy! If we look at our colonial past then it will be difficult to distinguish between our Kings and British crown. Both equally looted the common people.

Dr. B R Ambedkar and Subhash Chandra Bose are some of the not properly understood leaders. Gandhiji was a great leader but had we followed all his wishes then he would have not been called Mahatma today. He single handily inspired the whole India; there is no doubt on it. But do you know Gandhiji was against Industrialization! Nehru in spite of being an ardent Gandhian refused his ideas! Ambedkar wanted the rights to be guaranteed at the individual level while Gandhiji had a different view on it. Ambedkar not only fought poverty but also rampant discrimination. Imagine yourself in place of Ambedkar and try to imagine how would one feel when we are not allowed to sit in school, not allowed to sit on tonga even though you can afford it, no barber is willing to cut your hair and in spite of having a degree from Columbia Univeristy and a job in the kings darbar nobody is willing to rent you a house! And yet he didn’t leave India rather lived here to frame a constitution that talks of equal rights to every individual.

It was Ambedkar’s effort and his scholarly book on Indian economy that forced the British to led to the formation of RBI in 1935. Many people of the constituent assembly played a key role in framing the Indian constitution. There were many scholars like K.T. Shah, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, B N Rau and many others. Perhaps it was this rainbow of leaders that helped India become a stable democratic republic country while Pakistan could not. The Constitution of India has encompassed the features of many country like Australia, USA (Fundamental rights), UK, Canda and even the good part of Nazi’ s Germany (like the declaration of emergency)! The best part is that it guarantees rights to individuals irrespective of caste, creed or sex.

But sadly one of the biggest propaganda today is the threat on minority. Trust me our founding fathers have made sure that no one becomes Hitler in India. The constitution does not discriminate. I personally feel that the word minority is entirely misplaced in India. India is such a diverse country that a person minority in a particular region is majority in other and vice-versa. The real minorities are the tribal people. Different tribes lives in different pockets of our country and they have their own unique culture and heritage. It is they who need special protection. As far as religion is concerned people should have the freedom to follow, preach and propagate their religion, here it is not required to provide any special privilege to any religion. People of all religion should be at par.

Do you know that we were not allowed to hoist our national flag until 2002? We should all be thankful to the business leader Naveen Jindal (filed a case in 1994) that he fought this battle for us! Now here is a catch, in spite of having a beautiful constitution we have a such a slow and lethargic judicial process that it spoils the whole mood. Can u imagine that it took 7 years for court to decide that we can hoist our national flag? Seriously, we have such a pathetic socialist orgasm that our Govt decides everything for us. It is due to this slow judicial proceedings, inapt police and opaque policies that we face economic slowdown and tend to remain a third world country. It was not until 2010 that Naveen Jindal fought the case so that we can wear our national flag badges on shirts! Yes, the whole flag story took 16 years!!! India is poor only because of its leader’s socialist feeling and disgustingly slow bureaucracy.

Anyway, enjoy the day and at least today try to read something about the freedom fighters, you will enjoy!  HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY!



P.S. Some documentary links are given below.

1.       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRLXH8EE5bA (Guns germs and steel, conquest of Africa)
2.       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ojU31yHDqiM (Guns germs and steel. Latin America)

3.       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5XK89zSgK8o (our Fundamental Rights, Samvidhaan)

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

How to 'make-in-India' ?

Wish you a very happy 2015! But hey, why didn’t I write ‘new year’? In US they say ‘happy holidays’ instead of merry Christmas. This is because during this holiday break both Jews and Christians used to celebrate their festivals! Nowadays, we don’t use AD or BC (hindi BC is still ubiquitous :P ). In place of BC i.e Before Christ it is used Before Common Era (BCE) and in place of AD CE (Common Era) is used. Now back to New Year wish, actually according to Georgian calendar New Year is celebrated on 1st Jan but in India you can find a number of occasion when different communities celebrate their ‘new year’ throughout the year (Georgian calendar) like during Deepawali, baisakhi etc. And before you call it ‘’what rubbish’’ kindly check the way some celebrities whished new year. Arre bhai Happy New Year, bhadko mat yaar !

Moving on, lets talk about ‘Make-in-India’. I remember as a child when people used to talk about ‘made in Japan’ tag. It became synonym of good quality and durability. Later on in college when I learnt about ‘kaizen’, six sigma, five whys and many other quality controls I could connect the dot and understand why Japan became such a great manufacturing hub. Lean manufacturing and quality control aspects will be incomplete if we don’t talk about the great works of Sakichi Toyoda. Many quality gurus like Joseph Juran and others worked to make Japan a world leader. (Read the book ‘How Toyota became world #1’)

But hold on for a moment, before we get deep into the pros and cons of manufacturing lets first understand why manufacturing is important. In modern world the economy can be divided into 3 parts vis-à-vis primary sector (eg agriculture, mining etc), secondary sector (manufacturing; automobile, steel plant etc) and tertiary sector (service; banking, hospitality, IT etc ). Now most of the developed economy has a higher share of service sector in its GDP. India too has higher contribution of service sector in its economy but it is not a good symptom for our economy. (I will explain in coming paras). Well, to understand why some nations are rich while others are not is daunting task and it will force me to go to history and move back to modern time (I will suggest you to go through the book ‘WHY NATIONS FAIL’ and watch the documentary ‘GERMS GUNS and STEEL’. The germ theory mentioned in documentary is refuted in the book! ). There are some historical reasons that make the west rich while the east remains poor. Remember the richness of Europe is due to the fact that India during the colonial period was a huge market to the European Nations.

Now back to topic, lets start with what made PM Modi propagate about Make-in-India? Singapore, South Korea and Japan are called the East Asian Miracles. These countries sustained a high growth rate (7% + ) for more than three decades and transformed itself into developed countries. These countries were at par with India in 1947! These countries became the manufacturing hub in 1970s and by 1980s the Asian Dragon (China) joined the race to uplift millions of its people out of poverty. The growth rates of China and India till the 1970s were almost similar. Alas! We were moved by the empty rhetoric of ‘garibi hatao’  while China moved towards real reform. China sincerely utilized its demographic dividend and followed one child policy to drastically control its huge population. Today 45% of China’s GDP is of manufacturing sector and only a meagre 10% contribution is by agriculture. Since we have weak manufacturing sector we have to spend a lot on importing goods. During this time China’s GDP per capita grew from a mere 290 USD in 1980s to more than 8000 USD in 2015. Hum bhi grow kiye hain bhai, but only after 1991 in true sense!

The curious case of India can be solved by uniquely incorporating the tenets of both China and South Korea or Japan. Lets pen down the strength.
1.       Young labour force.
2.       Huge internal market.
3.       Vibrant Democracy.
4.       Over all a non- volatile society.

China too has the first two advantages but due to absence of democracy it can become a volatile society. As for India the demographic dividend will become demographic curse if we don’t change our education system. Our education system produces fewer skilled labours and rather prepares the whole population for white collar job. I have seen people with M.A degree ready to work as labour! A huge rural population can be taught basic skills so that they can fulfil the skill labour demand. In spite of being a labour abundance economy our industries are technology biased. Everybody talks about automation. One reason being the redundant labour law that we have. Remember ISRO is successful in spite of the fact that very few people from IITs or NITs work in it! Well, that opens a new Pandora’s box, so what is the purpose of opening new IITs and NITs ? Well, the answer again lies in ‘laws’. The recruitment laws and the work environment are not flexible. These are some of the reasons why you will find very few people from premium institutes in this kind of reputed institution on the other hand they are in abundance in silicon valley!

But why do we need to trade? Lets say there are only two countries in the world; A and B. Both produce only rice and cloth. ‘A’ produces 5 piece of cloth and 10kg of rice while B produces 10 piece of cloth and 5 kg of rice. Now trade theory suggests that ‘B’ should specialize in cloth making while ‘A’ should specialize in rice cultivation, in this way the world will have a surplus of both rice and cloth (Assume a person is equally capable of producing both rice and cloth). In modern world we need to trade because we have to keep foreign reserve to meet our demands for foreign goods. Say if we want to buy new technology from Europe then they will demand $ they wont accept our rupees! This is the reason why govt wants to increase the taxes on gold because when we buy more gold it reduces our forex reserve.

When Rajan sahab said that make-in-India should be relooked he didn’t mean that this idea should be dropped altogether. He wanted to caution the government on the problems that it will face in its implementation. So to be a low cost manufacturing hub we need following things;

1.       Low input cost i.e land, capital etc
2.       Uninterrupted electricity and proper connectivity of highways.
3.       Entry barrier should be reduced so that even the talented home grown entrepreneurs can participate.
4.       Reform labour law, empower the company HR.
5.       Retrospective taxation should not create tax terrorism. Simply tax laws. Speedy disposal of cases related to tax. Etc

India indeed has some great comparative advantage in engineering field. From automobile to space industry India can be a world leader. India can really do well in textile sector. By opening the defence sector the govt has done an excellent job. This can create a lot of opportunity. We are the world largest defence equipment buyer. Surely defence sector can create huge job opportunities.  We have already shown our prowess in IT sector. Even Bollywood can be used as tool to earn forex. But apart from the export oriented industry, to fulfil the home grown demand we need to promote small and micro industry. This will create a huge job opportunities and will reduce the migration towards big cities.